What causes of gestational diabetes?
Pregnancy Diabetes or Gestational diabetes is caused by hormonal changes and changes to our bodies’ energy production processes. Sugar (glucose) from food is broken down by a hormone called insulin and delivered to our cells. Glucose levels in the blood are controlled by insulin. Diabetes occurs when sugar builds up in the blood because insulin doesn’t work correctly or is insufficient. The way insulin works during pregnancy can be affected by hormones. When your blood sugar levels are not properly regulated, it can cause gestational diabetes.
Risk factors of gestational diabetes
The risk of gestational diabetes is higher for some women than others. The following factors increase the risk of gestational diabetes:
- Excess weight and obesity.
- Having high blood pressure.
- Having an inactive lifestyle can also increase the risk.
- Suffer from heart disease.
- Previous gestational diabetes or Prediabetes.
- Previous polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Family history of diabetes.
- Previous delivery of a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms).
- Race – The risk is higher for women who are of African, Asian, Hispanic, Native American, or Pacific Island ancestry over the age of 25.
How to Avoid Pregnancy Diabetes?
In terms of preventing gestational diabetes, there are no guarantees. However, the more healthy habits you adopt before pregnancy, the better.
Make healthy choices now to reduce your risk of having gestational diabetes again or developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
To Avoid Pregnancy Diabetes Naturally:
- Limit your weight gain.
- Take care of your overall health.
- Maintain a regular physical activity schedule.
- Choosing healthy foods
- Test your blood sugar regularly during Pregnancy.
- Get regular medical care.
Limit Your Weight Gain
You will gain some weight while pregnant and its normal. The risk of gestational diabetes can rise if you gain too much weight too quickly. Consult your doctor about a reasonable amount of weight gain.
Take Care Of Your Overall Health
Take care of your blood pressure and monitor your cholesterol along with eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. You should see your doctor on a regular basis, and you should take medication as prescribed if your cholesterol or blood pressure is out of control. It’s crucial to give up smoking for your health.
Maintain a Regular Physical Activity Schedule
Keeping a healthy weight requires exercise. Exercise helps prevent Pregnancy Diabetes both before and during pregnancy. Exercise increases the body’s sensitivity to the insulin that the pancreas generates, which regulates blood sugar levels.
People with sedentary lifestyles might benefit from the following steps:
- walking or cycling.
- When possible, park further away from your destination so you can walk to it.
- Use stairs if possible
- Playing outdoors with children, hiking, gardening, or performing active leisure activities
- Enrolling in yoga classes specifically designed for pregnant women or beginners.
- Swimming or other low-impact exercise.
- Attending a running club to keep active.
The best way to prevent gestational diabetes is to exercise moderately for about 30 minutes 4–5 days per week.
However, pregnant women should consult their doctor before starting any new exercise routines. They should find out which exercises are safe to perform during each stage of pregnancy.
Choosing Healthy Foods
Pregnant women can prevent gestational diabetes if they eat well during every trimester of pregnancy, as well as ensuring that they gain only a healthy amount of weight.
Foods to prevent gestational diabetes:
- Protein sources such as beans, fish, tofu, and white poultry.
- Plant-based fats such as nuts, olive oil, coconut oil, and coconut butter.
- Whole grain breads and cereals, brown rice, pasta, and oatmeal.
- Dairy products with low levels of fat, such as Greek yogurt.
- Vegetables that isn’t starchy.
- Seasonal fruit
Avoid these type of foods to prevent gestational diabetes:
- Foods that have been processed.
- You should avoid sugary drinks, such as store-bought soda, energy drinks, coffee drinks, and juices.
- Sweetened with sugar.
Test Your Blood Sugar Regularly During Pregnancy
Women with gestational diabetes are recommended by the American Diabetes Association to check their blood sugar regularly. Blood sugar levels that are too high early in pregnancy may lead to serious birth defects. Make sure your blood sugar is well controlled before you think about getting pregnant again.
Get Regular Medical Care
Pregnant women should see their gynecologists regularly for routine care during pregnancy. When you see your doctor, your doctor will ask if you have any new symptoms. The obstetrician will also examine the fetus’s development with an ultrasound. If Doctors can recognize some of the early signs of gestational diabetes, they will recommend preventive measures.
During the last 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy, a pregnant woman will have gestational diabetes screening. The doctor will discuss how to prevent further complications with the patient if she is found to have Pregnancy Diabetes.
How to Prevent Gestational Diabetes in Second Pregnancy?
The chance of gestational diabetes recurring is about 50 percent higher for a second pregnancy. In some cases, women are affected by the disease while pregnant the first time, but not the second time. This is often the case with obese women. If a woman had twins or triplets in her first pregnancy but just one child in her second pregnancy, she may also not develop the disease. According to researchers, women who develop gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy are more likely to develop it during their second or third pregnancy.
To prevent gestational diabetes in second pregnancy:
- Become pregnant at a healthy weight.
- Reduce consumption of packaged food and junk food.
- Consume more fruit instead of candy.
- Lean protein, including fish and tofu, will help you feel full for longer.
- Adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet while increasing your fiber intake.
Researchers within the study report that the risk rises with each pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes, according to an article published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. The American Diabetes Association reports that about 4% of pregnant women have been diagnosed with diabetes. According to a study of 65,132 pregnant women, women who developed gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy had a 13.2-fold greater risk of developing it during their second pregnancy.
How to Reduce Risk of Gestational Diabetes?
The risk of gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes increases for women that have previously had gestational diabetes. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American Diabetes Association advise women at risk for type 2 diabetes to make lifestyle changes, including modifying their diets, exercising, and losing or maintaining weight.
Your chances of developing Pregnancy Diabetes in your second pregnancy are increased if you were diagnosed with gestational diabetes in your first pregnancy. If you become pregnant again, you will need to take extra care with what you eat. Pregnant women cannot eat whatever they want because they are eating for two. It is recommended that pregnant women consume only 300 calories extra per day.
Is it possible to prevent gestational diabetes in second pregnancy by changing your diet?
Generally, pregnant women are advised to follow a balanced diet. In order to ensure that your baby gets all the nutrients he or she needs, you should consume a variety of foods rather than eating the same type of food all the time. It is generally necessary for women to follow a special diet.
Research has shown that women who are overweight or obese would benefit most from dietary changes. Nutritionists or dietitians can help them alter their diet to lower their risk of Pregnancy Diabetes. In pregnancy, it can help women lose weight and lower their blood sugar levels. Normal-weight women do not benefit from dietary changes.
- A study found that 16 out of every 100 women with gestational diabetes did not change their diets.
- Another study of 100 women, 6 out of 100 developed gestational diabetes after changing their diet.
- Study results did not indicate whether the change in diet affected the birth weight of the child, whether complications occurred during delivery, or whether Cesarean sections were avoided.
Type 2 diabetes can develop from Gestational Diabetes?
After your baby is born, your blood sugar levels will generally return to normal. About 50% of women with Pregnancy Diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes. Losing weight after delivery can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. By following a healthy diet and exercising regularly, you can reduce your risk. If you are at risk for diabetes after pregnancy, your healthcare provider may recommend that you take blood glucose tests every six to 12 weeks.